What is commercial farming? | Subsistence farming
Commercial farming is the cultivation of different types of crops or animal husbandry for especially high-income plans for raw materials, food, or exports. It is known as Subsistence farming. To achieve a large scale economy, commercial farming needs to be highly efficient and highly practiced as the goal of the farmer is to maximize profits
Current commercial farming or subsistence farming focuses only on the production of crops and farm animals for sale using the most advanced, efficient, and latest technology. In this practice known as agribusiness, more and more people are participating and practicing as an attractive business venture.
This leads to huge investments in terms of capital, manpower, and land, making commercial agriculture the main Host and influencer of the global agro-industry. But again, in this current Commercial farming is still worried about despite some positive results by using, many fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, and pesticides are used in agriculture.
Moreover, it uses a large parcel of land and uses plenty of water. The population is expected to exceed 10 billion by 2060 on a planet as per experts, and this method is having major concern to those who are struggling for a sustainable environment or Subsistence farming.
After looking at all of the above scenarios let’s get details about all of the features
- Features of commercial farming,
- Types of commercial farming,
- Benefits of commercial farming
- Examples of Commercial farming
Features of commercial farming
Commercial farm crops and livestock like fisheries and shrimp etc are produced in large quantities and grown on large farms land using highly sufficient machinery, irrigation methods, chemical fertilizers, and other latest technologies.
Export Product to another high in demand countries. That the main focus of mass production of such products.
For example, most of the Gulf countries lie abu dabhi, Dubai Completely depends on food imports because the climate in these countries cannot support agriculture. In other countries it is widely used as a raw material in the import industry, let’s have looked at the step-by-step
1. High-scale production | types of farming
Livestock and different type of crops are produced in large quantities on commercial farms. To achieve this required a lot of land, advanced latest technology, and skills are required to meet the expected production goals or objectives. Can get training for this Commercial farming business.
2. Mainly focused on Capital
Requires a lot of investment before starting commercial farming, which suggests that it requires a lot of capital to start and run.
Capital is required to buy farm materials like seeds, pesticides and fertilizers, the latest machinery, agriculture itself, and to cover costs such as water and electricity bills, and to pay for labor and expert training.
3. (HYV) Use of high yielding varieties
Commercial farming methods use high amounts of modern inputs and seeds, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, and pesticides. This has been done to get higher yields but has a harmful effect on sustainable environment and Subsistence farming.
4. It is made for sale
Basically, commercial farming is done only for sale only in large scale of lands. Under commercial agriculture, thousands of acres of produce Black pepper, Ginger, turmeric, Fig farming, grapes, banana, cashew, almonds, and other products, are harvested and mainly exported to other countries depending on their demand.
5. Human labor and Heavy machinery
Skilled workers among professional workers come from professionals, unskilled workers exploit migrants and therefore in Commercial farming requires a large supply of both skilled and unskilled workers.
To meet the production system skills and the objectives requires heavy latest machinery like excavators, tractors, sprayers, plows, auto semi-harvesters, and cultivators.
6. The most efficient way to do subsistence farming on a large area
Subsistence farming in a single part of the land can involve a variety of farming methods, mainly aquaponics, dairy farming, poultry farming, sugarcane farming, coffee farming, etc. Floriculture, Fruit trees, and tea or spice cultivation( Cinnamon and Black Pepper) in a large area of land among many others.
Let’s take an example of these faring regions wise like tea fields mostly in Kenya and India, where coffee production in India and Brazil, In Uganda banana productions and the sugarcane productions in mainly Mexico and Indonesia.
7. Traditionally Practice throughout the year
Commercial farming is characteristic because farmers can farm all year round or continue farming. Ordinary farmers do so because they do not rely on rain or natural Sources because they have advanced technology, machines, and artificial growth enhancers to sustain their crops or animals.
Types of commercial farming
1. Dairy Commercial farming
Dairy farming is recommending it is as a commercial farm of milk and milk products. Therefore, it is used only for raising dairy animals, which are used to make dairy products.
In Italy, other countries are producing milk an alternative source of milk for other pets on the farm dairy include goats, donkeys, camels, and sheep.
According to experts and analysts, the world’s leading producer of cow’s milk is European countries, The United States comes as the second-largest producer.
2. Forestry Commercial farming
In the current situation, most of the countries are involving Forestry in a commercial way like Bamboo farming, Teak wood farming, Mahogany Plantation because demand and supply is increasing day by day within the country and out of the countries because lots of finished product are produced from raw material bamboo such as bamboo close, toilet paper,on-the-go utensils, Speakers, towels, Bottle, solar battery, Floors, computer accessories,bio-ethanol, etc which is the main reason to increase in forestry farming in a commercial way
3. Grain Commercial farming
In this type of commercial farming, grains, barley, and wheat are grown for human consumption and export.
Grain farming requires spare land, high machinery, equipment, and farmers and it is most highly mechanized. Farming is field and seasonal, meaning farmers are exceptionally engaged in the planting and harvesting season.
4. Plantation Commercial farming
It is a very sensitive type of agriculture,
Mostly in Large-scale farms, especially in the United States, used slave labor for trade and export to cultivate and harvest rice, wheat, sugar, tobacco, cotton, and other agricultural products. But Today farming continues, instead of using slave labor, workers are paid lower wages.
5. Livestock rearing
This is to raise livestock for meat products. The most common pets are chicken, and sheep, goats you can find a large number of pigs and cattle’s.
Livestock rearing is the main source of poultry and pork meat in many major urban markets.in Rural market mostly it used chicken and goat
6. Mediterranean Farming
In the Mediterranean countries practiced mainly commercial farming
The climate in these regions is suitable for some crops like figs, dates, grapes, Banana, black pepper, vanilla cultivation, and olives. It also supports flowering in horticultural, processed vegetables and other crops.
7. Mixed crop farming
In this type of commercial farming, both crops and livestock are on the farm in the same piece.
As a result, crops can be grown and sold to feed animals, and animals can be sold for profit. In addition, animal waste can be used to do organic farming. Aquaponics is a great modern example.
8. Commercial horticulture and fruit farming
In Commercial horticulture farming, a large number of crops are grown. It contains apples, lettuce, cherries, Kiwi Farming, figs, nuts, and asparagus, mushroom farming.
Benefits of commercial farming
1. Job Creation
Commercial farming or intensive subsistence farming is a source of employment for the people who lived in the area. The local people can earn some money so that they can support their families. Thus, commercial agriculture stimulates the development of the local economy.
2. Improvement in local infrastructure & Market
Commercial agriculture indirectly helps a region, area, or country to establish or improve infrastructure likes roads Construction, and electricity.
For example, commercial farms are dependent on electricity and the surrounding communities will get wired connection along with the power lines in their fields. Also, when roads are improved, they help people who lived in that area. Water pipes are also constructed in the surrounding places.
3. Reducing the cost of products
Commercial farming helps in reducing the cost of farm products as the crops are highly available in the market. The huge supply and demand work to bring down the prices of these commodities or agricultural products.
4. Provision for supply of raw materials for manufacturing companies to Make Final products.
It helps a local farmer to sell their raw product such as mangos, orange, pineapple, etc directly to the company
For example, the cultivation of fruits such as pineapple, mango, and orange allows the production of juice on a commercial scale. Coffee and cocoa farming also makes the Chocolate or sweet industry.
5. Reduce production costs
Farmers use more efficient methods of production, such as the use of harvesters, plows, harvesters, and cultivators, making the work of commercial farmers less costly in the long run.
6. Increasing production and food security
Performs commercial farming operations in such a way where controls diseases and pests, and enables farms for more production.
7. Foreign exchange Income
In term of Foreign exchange will automatically get increased if we do Commercial agriculture so that it helps the countries of the world to make more exchange currency in different countries. Which is a major concerned for attractive foreign exchange, and It gets boosts economic growth.
Examples of commercial farming
1. Cotton farming
Cotton is a cultivated crop and cotton is a raw material in the textile industry. It thrives on low and muddy soils with low rainfall, bright sunlight, and it is widely produced in India, Pakistan, United States, China, and Egypt.
2. Tobacco cultivation
India is an example of commercial tobacco cultivation and is the second-largest producer of tobacco in the world. Tobacco is commercially grown in areas with semi-arid and rainfed areas with alternative crops and economically unaffordable.
3. Wheat Farming
Wheat is one of the primary foods in the world and it grows in moderate temperatures. This requires good rainfall during planting and adequate sunlight during harvesting. Therefore, during the winter season, it grows well in northern India
4. Corn commercial crops
Like wheat, corn needs moderate rainfall and adequate sunlight. Therefore, nest growing Countries are Brazil, Russia United States, Mexico, Canada, and India
5. Rice farming
Rice is the essential food of the world. It requires more heat, humidity, and rain. It thrives in Punjab, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh West Bengal, and other east-eastern parts of India.
China is the world’s leading producer of rice. Apart from chine a few of the top producers are Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Japan
6. Tea farming
Tea is one of the most default drinks in the world from morning to evening. It grows well in a sloping landscape where there is enough rain throughout the year and the temperature is cool and moderate. In Kenya, India and Sri Lanka, and other Chinese regions, it grows well
7. Coffee farming
Coffee thrives in well-drained soils in warm and humid climates. Therefore, it is widely grown in Brazil, India, and Colombia
8. Black Pepper Farming.
Black pepper also required moderate climate and limited rainwater it grows well mainly in India, Indonesia, Australia, and other Asian countries. Black pepper Farming also in trend
9. Dairy farming
Milk comes from cows, which means cattle have to be reared more. There are milk producers of milk animals such as Frisian, Jersey and Gir Cow, Indian Desi Cow.
24.5% of milk in the world is coming from India as the largest producer, apart from this United States, Pakistan, China, and European countries also top producers of milk.