Kiwi Farming, Kiwi fruit Planting, Kiwi Fruit Cultivation
Kiwi tree Farming Information
After writing lots of articles regarding spice, forestry, and other organic farming today we are going to discuss fruit farming as most of the farmers are basically trying to do multi-farming with fruit vegetables, spices,s etc. to we will discuss kiwi farming with in details process about how to do, how much cost required, kiwi plantation and common cultivation techniques. Will discuss step by steps kiwi fruit demand and supply all over the country to make you ore understand whatever you’re doing farming in a commercial way to export kiwi fruit international market
Information about Kiwi Fruit
After Before doing any commercial farming you would like to know more about those thing in details , whether its in demand ?, how we can sell, what the national-international market, what the benefits of fruit vegetables,spices etc. here we are focusing on Kiwi farming ,Kiwis are high in vitamin C and dietary fiber and supply a spread of health benefits. Consumption of this fruit can supply lot of nutrients for heart health, digestive health, and immunity. The kiwi is one of the good and best healthy choice of fruit and mainly in rich with vitamins, potassium & calcium, antioxidants and phosphorus,
Different Varieties of Kiwi Fruit Cultivated in India:
According to national horticulture board important kiwi varieties cultivated in India are Abbott, Bruno, Allison, Monty, Hayward, and Tomuri.
If we look for international level production of kiwi fruits
Italy is the largest producer of kiwifruit in the world you can see here.
|World Kiwi Farming||1,376,531|
|Source: researchandmarkets.com (Tons)|
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If we are talking about India, In India, mostly Kiwi is grown on middle hills of Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, J & K, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Kerala,
Kiwi Fruit Important factor and growing requirements
Let me tell you kiwi fruit plant is come from vine family which is fairly hard and grow in a different range of temperatures, since it is regional fruit its required specific type of temperature which is suitable I most of foreign countries even in India like Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. Apart from this we can cultivated in Western Ghats of south India like Kerala, Maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh. But it has to be make sure that we have to follow the few requirement to maintained as bellow
- To protect from high wind, it required shelter ( we can discuss below)
- Maintain Sufficient. moisture
- Protection in winter season from dew or fog
- Fertilize the soil very well and it has to be well drained system ( we can discuss below)
Best Soil for Kiwi Farming:
Well for any of the farming required fertile soil which we can make it with organic way by applying cow-dung and other natural like vermicomposting, also fruit required soil should with nitrogen , you can make compost of Australian teak leaves, as the Australian leave has full of nitrogen nutrient values, soil can be dark brown, loamy but should be well-drained and according to the vine growth we have to provide required nutrient to the soil like phosphorus, and potassium once the vines begin cropping. Kiwi tree Orchards are mostly fertilized in between March to June.
Young and flowering shoots protection from Wind
As I told you high pressure wind can damage kiwi fruit vine or their Young and flowering shoots are easily damaged therefore this is a major protection factor in successfully establishing high-quality a kiwi fruit farm.
Land Preparation for Kiwi Fruit farming
Slightly slope land is best for planting kiwi fruit vines. And the planting should be in such way where vine can get maximum amount of sunlight so it should be in north-south direction oriented and also preparation of the soil with essential mineral and nutrient fertilize for the successful growth. Preparation of pits and filling of pits has to be completed by January. For the best Kiwi tree Orchard growth Kiwi Plant are mostly propagated vegetatively through cuttings or grafting
Best Planting Season for Kiwi tree:
Plantation of kiwi tree fruit can be done in between mid of January to mid of February also make sure that the soil should be placed around the roots so that root should not be visible. Pruning is required to up to 40 cm to 45 cm for strong, healthy, and full of energetic growth.
Space between kiwi plant
Kiwi tree planting distance varies depend of land but In T-pole, 10-12 feet space should be maintain from row to row and 15-16 feet space from plant to plant should be maintained.
Fertilizers & Nutrition requirement for Kiwi farming
In first 2 year we should take care like baby, so always provide sufficient amount of Fertilizers. Very first four year provide a fertilizer of more than 15-20 kg waste farm yard leave and other vermicompost and 200 gram of nitrogen, 200 gram of phosphorus, and 200 gram of potassium (NPK) mixture application every year. After four year plant are required more amount of nutrient to supply to entire vine so you can increase done from four year 800 gram of nitrogen, 900 gram of phosphorus, and 700 gram of potassium (NPK) mixture application should be applied every year.
While caring make sure that kiwi’s growth of shoot and roots if you found impact on their growth provide high adequate chlorine. Also all fertilizer should be applied in part of two doses like first dose February – March and 2nd dose after started growing fruit that is in May-June.
Irrigation requirement for Kiwi Plant:
Irrigation should be provided during when the fruit is in the initial stage of growth and development in the month of September end to October end. In the season of highest water consumption, irrigation should be applied daily or water can apply every two days of gap since the limited volume of soil wet by the drippers can hold merely enough water to satisfy the plants ‘needs for one or two days
Weed Control in Kiwi farming:
Weed control should be done in every week during the rainy season because weed can stop the growth of kiwi plant
Initial 5 years of Inter-cropping in between Kiwi Crop
As you might know fruit can be start after 4th to 5th year and till that time farmer can start inter-cropping in between kiwi tree or crops, crop can be vegetables or other small crops which doesn’t impact on kiwi plant growth,
Pests and Diseases of Kiwi Plant:
Pest and diseases control are the challenging to maintain kiwi plant healthy, In Kiwi Farming, root rots is major infection which is caused by Phytophthora soil fungi, especially when poor water drained system. In airless climates, grey mold Botrytis cinerea rot infects flowers and young kiwi tree fruit.
Pollination and fruiting in Kiwi Farming:
Starting of summer, same like vanilla fruit, Kiwifruit is also not self-pollinating, so part of each kiwi orchard must be devoted to male vines unless doing manual artificial pollination. But as compared to vanilla kiwifruit needs quality of pollination
Harvesting and Production of the Kiwi tree fruit:
Mostly this Kiwi tree fruits vine starts flowering from the age of 4-5 years. Harvesting started with large size fruits later smaller ones can be harvested as smaller one will get time to increase the size of small fruits, once the fruits harvested later 2nd stage is to remove stiff hairs which was removed by cotton cloth by rubbing them.
After harvesting below 3 steps need to be followed:
Grading KIWI FRUITS | Purple kiwi tree
After harvesting fruit, it divided into two part where the fruits weight above 65-70 gram are kept separately and called it as A grade quality and other between 35- 65 gram kept separate and called it as B grade Quality.
Storage of kiwi fruits:
If you are worried about marketing no need to worry about as kiwi fruits can be store good condition in a cool place without refrigerator up to more than 8-9 weeks. Hard kiwi fruits can be kept for 5 to 6 months in cold storage.
Packing of Kiwi tree fruit:
Packaging depending on where to transport and how much expenses you want to minimize based on that you can either used cardboard Boxes or thermal box. If you want to transport in long distance or want to keep for longer time you can wrapped it with Polythene liners in storage cases which is very effective way to maintaining high humidity and maintain fruits in good condition.
Marketing and Transportation
Marketing is the challenging task to market your fruits in different type of country or cities for the first time, in very first time its necessary to visit each of the market to get affordable price, you can sell within local market or export out of India but you will have understand all hidden charges while shipping international level so that cost of kiwi fruits you can decide based on other expenses.
Interesting fact about demand and supply of kiwi orchard fruits as per research of researchandmarkets.com roughly 72% of total imports of kiwi fruit in 2018-19.
- Spain (221K tonnes),
- China (182K tonnes),
- Belgium (156K tonnes),
- Japan (106K tonnes),
- Germany (96K tonnes),
- Netherlands (79K tonnes),
- France (78K tonnes),
- Russia (72K tonnes),
- U.S. (69K tonnes),
- Italy (48K tonnes),
- Taiwan, Chinese (42K tonnes)
- South Korea (33K tonnes)
Out of 72% around 34.5% of kiwi tree fruits imported in Japan ($371M), China ($369M) and Spain ($285M) were the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2018-19 in Kiwi tree Farming
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