How to start Geranium Plant farming | geranium agriculture with Profit Step by Step Guide
Introduction to red or white flowering plant | geranium plant: –
Red or white flowers come. It is also used for decorative purposes (cut flowers for decoration). This plant is also called ‘rose’ by the poor people. The oil extracted from the leaves, stems, and flowers of geranium has excellent health benefits and is used in aromatic treatments. The commercial oil of geranium is extracted from the Pelargonium graveolens of the family Geraniaceae. The geranium is a genus of 400 species of flowering perennial plants commonly known as-cran bill.
Considering the description of the plant, the trunk of a flowering plant with red or white flowers is cylindrical, woody at the base, pubescent, green when young, and brown with age. The leaves of this plant are very fragrant except the plant. The leaves/flowers of the plant have a pungent rose odor and this plant is also called Rose Geranium. This plant is native to the southern office and is used in the cosmetic and perfumery industries.
The main constituents of the oil are geraniol and citronellol and pure geranium oil is almost a perfume in itself and blends well with all other perfumes. Since the cost of essential oils is very high, if commercial cultivation of geranium is profitable, then this would be ideal conditions for punt cultivation. Details about the growing “geranium plant” in the next article.
Production in Cultivation of Geranium plant:-
Comes in red or white flowers. The crop can be expected to produce 110 to112 kg/ha of oil in one cutting and a maximum of 250 kg/ha in three cuttings.
Harvesting Process in Cultivation of Geranium Plant:-
How Can We Decide these Plants’ Maturity? Well, when the leaves turn light green and the smell of roses changes from a lemon-like scent. Leaf shoots should be pruned using a sharp sickle and taken for distillation as soon as the pruning is complete. The red or white flowering plant is perennial and can give a good yield for about 4 to 10 years. A total of 3 harvests are expected in a year.
Fertilizers and Manures in Geranium Plant Cultivation:–
Comes in red or white flowers. The following inputs are recommended for planting red or white flowering plants.
Note: Nitrogen 6 should be applied in equal divided doses and the first dose of ‘N’ should be given as a basal dose and the subsequent dose should be given at intervals of 3 months.
Health Benefits of Geranium: –
- Below are some of the health benefits of Geranium.
- Geranium essential oil is good for hormonal balance.
- Important Dandelion essential oil can treat acne, vitiligo and other skin diseases Important Eucalyptus essential oil helps reduce stress and reduces depression.
- Geranium essential oil helps in lowering blood pressure.
- Geranium essential oil acts as a good insect repellent and bug bite.
- A geranium essential oil can prevent respiratory infections.
- Geranium essential oil is good astringent and reduces wrinkles.
- The geranium essential oil has anti-inflammatory properties and helps in wound healing.
- Geranium essential oil helps to get rid of menopausal effects.
- The aroma of geranium essential oil is very pleasant, comparable to a mixture of floral fragrance and mint fragrance.
- Geranium is a diuretic in essential oils (increases urination, releases any toxins).
- Important Dandelion essential oil is good for teeth and gums.
Common names of a flower with red or white flowers: –
Geranium (Marathi), Geranium (Hindi), Geranium (Tamil), Geranium (Telugu), Aromatic Geranium (English), and Pannir Soppu, Pannir Patre (Kannada).
Intercultural operations in the cultivation of geranium: –
Comes in red or white flowers. Always keep the field weed-free by shallow tillage (this crop has shallow roots so care should be taken not to damage the roots of the plant). Kundi can also be done in the field two-three times. Shrubs need to be pruned when they show signs of stunting. At the beginning of the rainy season in the fourth year, the branches of the tree should be cut to 10 to 16 cm.
Requirement of Climate for Geranium Plant Cultivation:-
Comes in red or white flowers. However, it grows well in sub-tropical climates with humid climates. It can be taken at different heights from 1100 meters to 1999 meters (MSL). The crop requires 1200 mm to 1600 mm of rainfall during the entire period of its growth. Heavy rains cause many diseases such as root rot and reduce yields. The ideal temperature for cultivation in sub-tropical regions is 5 ° C to 25 C. However, this crop can survive in low-lying areas and up to 44 ° C in horticultural plains.
Propagation, Spacing, and Plating in geranium farming: –
Comes in red or white flowers. Propagation by a vegetative method with terminal cuttings of 9 cm nodes of healthy seedlings of 22 cm length gives the best planting material where 85 to 90% rooting takes place without any process. If the first 3 to 5 leaves of the plant are left on top, prune the rest and cut the sickle cell (with a sharp knife) diagonally below the 5th to 8th node. Then soak it in 0.2% Benlet solution for 20 to 30 seconds.
These processed cuttings should be planted at a distance of 6 to 8 cm in the nursery. These cuttings should be watered twice a day in a suitable shade environment. These cuttings will be ready for planting in the field 3 to 4 months after planting in the nursery (however, in foggy conditions the roots of the cuttings can be completed within about a month).
Rooted cuttings should be treated with 0.1% Benlet solution and transplanted immediately at a distance of 50 cm x 50 cm in the field. In the case of rain-fed crops, planting should be done after the first monsoon. The number of cuttings required for 1 acre of land is about 18,000 and 1 hectare of land is 32,000.
Preparation of Land in Geranium Plant Cultivation:-
Comes in red or white flowers. After weeding the previous crop, it is recommended to make the soil finely threshed. The field/land should have a slight slope and adequate shelter from strong winds.
Requirement of Soil for Geranium farming:
Comes in red or white flowers. This crop is a shallow-rooted crop and grows well in red-lateritic soils with pH values of 5.6 to 8.0, although it is advisable to have calcium-rich porous soils.
Process of Irrigation in Geranium Cultivation:
Comes in red or white flowers. However, this crop requires moderate irrigation and excess rainfall, too much watering will cause root rot and reduced yield. In the case of horticultural crops, soil moisture should be retained and in dry and summer seasons, frequent irrigation may be required.
Geranium Plant species and varieties: –
Well, many geranium species are being grown for medicinal and horticultural purposes. The following are some commonly grown species of geranium.
Geranium cinereum, geranium Clarke (geranium or geranium), geranium fame, geranium platipetalum (geranium platipetalum), red or white geranium pentacene Geranium geranium (Geranium fragrant) (Geranium fragrant) Macroism (Bigfoot Cranbill or Bigfoot Geranium), Geranium Geranium Subcoilcense (Gray Cranbill), Geranium Silvaticum (Wood Cranbill), Geranium Madrens (Giant Herb Robin), Geranium (Geranium).
In India, some of the following species are included; Algerian or Tunisian, Reunion or Bourbon, KKL-1, Cell-8, Hemanti, Bipuli and Kunti.
Pests and Diseases in Cultivation of geranium Plant:
- Pest and control measures: Termites are the major pests found in geranium cultivation. This can be controlled by mixing 20 kg heptachlor/ha in the soil and irrigating the area.
- Diseases and control measures: Wilt is a common disease found in geranium cultivation. This can be controlled by spraying 0.5% Benlet solution 20 days before harvest. After harvesting, apply fungicide on the cut ends and repeat spraying after 12 days. Provide optimal irrigation and proper digging to ensure healthy growth. Avoid giving too much water as it increases the incidence of wilt disease.
Conclusion of Cultivation of Geranium Plant:-
- Comes in red or white flowers. 900 to 1000 per kg in India. If it is properly covered with a shade.
- Approximately Rs. 60,000 for a period of 10 years (for all years). The average yield of 110 kg of geranium oil is Rs. 9,00,000 to 10,00,000 / year
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