Chicken Farming | For Beginners to Starting a profitable Poultry Farm
Poultry housing or Poultry Farming
Well, and well-managed houses play an important role in raising all kinds of poultry farm business plans. Depending on the type of bird you have, you will need to build a suitable home and ensure the availability of all the necessary facilities for them.
Tips to keep in mind when building houses for poultry birds:
- Always keep space in your poultry house based on birds. This will help your birds to live, grow and produce happily. Avoid overcrowding in poultry houses.
- A good ventilation system is required. Make sure the poultry houses are well ventilated.
- Make the sure flow of fresh air and light inside the room.
- Keep proper distance between two houses for commercial production.
- Clean the house and appliances regularly. The house needs to be disinfected before bringing new chicks to your farm.
- Steps must be taken to prevent all kinds of predators and harmful animals.
- Keep a good temperature so that the birds do not suffer from excessive heat or cold.
- A proper drainage system inside the house is required for proper cleaning.
- It is a good idea to build poultry houses in a quiet and quiet place.
Care and management
You should always take care of your birds. It is important to know more about the different types, symptoms, and treatments of poultry diseases. Birds need to be vaccinated on time. They should be given nutritious food and pure water. The houses there should be cleaned regularly.
One should always be given high-quality, fresh, and nutritious food. This ensures good health, proper growth, and high productivity. Therefore, give your chickens a healthy and nutritious diet. It is important to add all kinds of essential vitamins and minerals to their feed. In addition, give your birds a high-quality and nutritious diet, always giving them enough fresh and clean water as per their demand.
The marketing process of different types of poultry products is very simple as they are in great demand globally. So you don’t have to worry about marketing your products. You can easily sell your farm produce at a local market near you or at a large supermarket.
If you are thinking of starting a poultry farm, read and learn as much as you can about poultry farming. You can also visit your nearest farmer who is already raising a variety of poultry birds.
You Can read this too
The latest methods of poultry farming
Layer poultry farming or chicken Farm
Raised chickens for egg production that are known as layer poultry. Did you know that chickens usually start laying eggs after 3-5 months? Yes, they start laying eggs regularly at the age of 6 months which reduces the egg production of hens in layers after the age of 17-18 Months.
Commercial level poultry rearing, producers usually keep hens for 13 months from their first financial period. They are then sold for slaughter. Although, chickens naturally last more than 5-6 years. In some countries, hens are reared for laying eggs.
Environmental conditions are often controlled automatically by producers. For example, the presence of light helps the bird lay eggs earlier. Therefore, growers should provide a longer luminous period to increase the chances of starting laying eggs. The laying bird lays more eggs in the warmer months than in the colder months.
Thus, it would be more beneficial to keep the room temperature moderate for better egg production. Surprisingly, even some commercial laying hens lay more than 320 eggs a year. Layered poultry farming is done in different ways. Here we will give information about the common and most popular level chicken farming systems.
2. In-depth and free-range poultry farming
Free-range farming is also one of the best techniques to do intensive chicken farming is. This method is used for large poultry birds with high stock density. as per Worldwatch, “About 74.2% of poultry meat and 68.5% of poultry eggs are poultry
Some of the fundamental differences between intensive and free-range poultry rearing are that the intensive poultry rearing method is a highly efficient system that saves savings, land, food, labor, and other resources and increases productivity. The poultry environment here is completely controlled by the farmers. Therefore, it has to make sure that continuous production over the year in any nature or season.
However, intensive chicken farming has some disadvantages. Some people say that intensive systems pose a health risk, abuse animals, and are harmful to the environment. On the other hand, free-poultry rearing requires a large amount of space for rearing birds and the production is similar to the intensive method. However, in the case of both intensive and free-range methods for chicken farming, producers have to regularly use drugs such as antibiotics to keep poultry birds free from diseases.
3. Organic method:
The organic layer poultry rearing system is a kind of free-range farming system. But the important difference between the two systems is that in the free-range farming method a large number of poultry birds are reared together but in the organic method-specific species of poultry birds are reared in small groups with low storage density. Organic bedding systems have some restrictions on the regular use of small group sizes with synthetic egg yolk, regular watering, feeding, medications, other feeding ditches, and low storage densities. The producer should keep a maximum of 1000 poultry birds in each house and a maximum of 2000 birds in each house.
Free-range chicken farming means the free-roaming of poultry birds for a certain period of time during the day. In this method of farming, poultry birds are kept indoors at night to keep them free from predators and hostile environments. Poultry birds usually roam freely throughout the day. It can be said that he spent half his life outside the home.
Choose land suitable for this type of farming with an adequate drainage system, good ventilation, proper protection from prevailing winds, good protection from all kinds of predators, and facilities free from extreme cold, heat, or humidity. Extreme cold, heat, and humidity are very harmful to poultry birds which reduces their productivity. He needs less food than cage and granary systems. In free-range farming, poultry manure is used directly as fertilizer for crops.
In addition, all its advantages include some difficulties. Here, chickens can easily fall prey to predators and fall prey to a variety of diseases.
5. Battery cage method:
In particular, it is one of the most common methods used in many countries. Smaller-sized metal cages are usually used in this system. Each cage can provide accommodations for about 4 to 7 female chickens. The walls of the cage are usually made of mesh or solid metal and the floor slope is made of wire mesh which allows the stool to fall down. When the hens lay eggs, all the eggs collected in the conveyor belt of the cage.
In the battery cage way, the hens are fed through a long bifurcated metal or plastic pipe in front of them and the water fed to them by an overhead nipple system. Cages are arranged in a long line on top of another system. There can be many floors in a single shade that can hold many thousands of hens together.
The main advantages of battery cage are as follows:
- It is very easy to take care of birds.
- Easy to collect bird eggs
- Clean eggs
- Less feed is required to produce eggs.
- Thousands of hens can be kept on a specific floor of the house.
- Internal parasites cause less trouble to birds.
- The cost of labor is also very low.
However, this system also has some difficulties. If large chickens are reared in small areas, the amount of carbon dioxide in the indoor air can be high. The hens may not have enough space to walk, flutter their wings, stand up, or get a freshwater fish. Therefore, they may experience depression and boredom and may have behavioral changes that affect their productivity.
In some countries, the system is banned because it is considered against animal welfare.
6. Yarding method:
This is a very popular method used by small farmers. In this way, chickens and cows are raised together. The farmer builds a fence in his yard and keeps all the poultry birds and cattle together there.
7. Broiler poultry rearing
Broiler poultry can be defined as poultry that is raised for commercial meat production. Using modern farming methods, broiler chickens are suitable for consumption within their age to weeks.
8. Equipped cage method:
This is an advanced version of the battery cage system. Here, hens are given more space and facilities than a battery cage system. It also has ample space for walking, freshwater fish, fluttering their wings, nests, special food, and water pots, etc.
9. Indoor Growing Methods:
In this system, broilers are housed in large and open houses (known as grougat houses). They are suitable for use within weeks to weeks of their age. Rice chicks, wood shavings, peanut shells, etc. are used as garbage on the floor of the house. These poultry houses are equipped with mechanical systems to feed and water the poultry birds. However, good ventilation systems, coolers, and heaters are essential. The house should always be kept dry and clean. The house, about 370 feet long and 45 feet wide, accommodates about 19,000 birds. One and a half square feet of space is required per bird.
Top 9 Benefits of poultry farming and their latest method and marketing concept;
Poultry farms in India
Chicken farming is defined as raising or growing a variety of local famous birds commercially for the purpose of producing meat, eggs, and feathers. It should be noted that the most common and widely raised chickens are chickens. About 5 million chickens are raised daily as a diet (both source and chicken eggs). Raised hens for eggs are called layer chickens and chickens raised for meat production of their hens are called broiler chickens.
Commercial poultry rearing is also a very lucrative business. This is a traditional business venture. Today in this article we will give you information about the benefits of the poultry business.
9 Benefits of Poultry Farming Business
There are many benefits to the poultry business. Therefore, many farmers coming to Poultry farming and investing in this business. People usually set up chicken farms with the aim of producing eggs, meat, and high yields from these products. Billions of hens are bred worldwide as a good source of food from eggs and meat.
Less capital required:
The main advantage of chicken farming is that it does not require high capital to start. All you need is basic capital to start raising poultry. Also, most poultry birds are not expensive to start raising.
No large space required:
chicken farming doesn’t need a lot of space unless you start commercially. You can easily raise some birds in your own yard with one or more cops or cages. So, if you are interested in poultry, you can do it with many birds in your own backyard.
3. High yields in a short period of time:
In particular, the commercial business of chicken farming ensures a large investment in a very short period of time. Some poultry, such as broiler chickens, take less time to mature and make a profit. Poultry products are not very expensive. It is affordable to most people.
4. No high maintenance required:
chicken farm structures do not require high maintenance. Also, with proper hygiene and care, you can reduce diseases and ailments in poultry. Diseases are less prevalent in small birds such as quail, turkeys, etc.
License is not mandatory:
It should be noted that in most cases you do not need a license. Like almost all types of poultry birds are pets. It is also easy to get a license from the concerned authority for chicken farming.
Huge global demand:
Poultry gives us fresh and nutritious food and it is in global demand. Therefore, global consumers of poultry products prefer them because of their nutrition and freshness.
7. Easy Marketing:
Poultry products are very easy to market. There is a market for poultry products in almost all parts of the world. So you can easily sell products in the local market near you.
Income and employment opportunities:
chicken farming generates income and employment opportunities. Unemployed educated young people can easily earn a living by raising poultry commercially. Women and students can also do this business.
Easy Bank Loans:
Almost all banks sanction loans for such businesses. So, if you want to start this business commercially, you can apply for a loan from your local banks. Almost all the major banks in India provide loans for chicken farming.
In addition to the benefits mentioned above, there are many benefits to chicken farming. So start growing now and gradually you will get good profit.
Some unknown and interesting facts:
All hens have hormones but none added hormones:
Chickens have hormones, but it is illegal to add hormones to any of them raised in the United States. Yes, this is the rule. If they are found guilty, the farmers may lose their fields and their income.
2. feeding chicks according to their age:
When chicks are just born, they cannot process the adult diet properly. Make sure the right nutritious food is being given at the right time.
3. chicken coops are spacious and comfortable:
Some chickens can live in zero weather and above 95 degrees. There is adequate ventilation and the heater is allowed to have a comfortable temperature and efficient air circulation.
4. Consumption of chicken meat and eggs:
Surprisingly, the UK and USA consume more chicken meat and eggs than any other country in the world. The UK lays an average of over 31 million chickens per day.
5. Protective covers:
One should wear protective covers, hair cover and shoe cover before entering the chicken coop. Farmers and general workers have boots that they just put in the barn, so it’s okay to go inside without a plastic cover. This is done to protect the chickens and prevent the spread of the disease.
Profit Calculation for 2000 Nos. Broiler chicken
Calculate Estimated profit for the establishment of 2000 Nos. Broiler chicken in well-managed chicken farm or poultry farm, the calculation is in well manage farm and chicken price may change in respective cities also I didn’t include subsidies on poultry farm and loan if you have taken.
|Cost Description||Cost (estimated) INR||in Dollar|
|A. Fixed expenditure|
|Cost of construction of one Brooder shed, cement floor size of 2000 Sqft foot covered with GCI Sheet.||160000||2184 $|
|Poultry equipment cost like feeder, water brooder for grower and chickens and other materials||30000||409 $|
|Expenses on power consumption or any other automatics equipment||4000||55 $|
|Electricity fitting Work for the entire Room or poultry shed||4500||61 $|
|Total Expenses||198500||2710 $|
|B. Daily or recurring expenses ( included for 3 cycles)|
|1 or 2 days old Baby Chickens Quantity 2000 Nos. each Baby chicken price is 40||80000||1092 $|
|Cost of chicken food or any starting feed. 20 RS per KG (total required for 2000 chicken is 6100 KG)||122000||16665 $|
|Electricity cost. Medicines cost, Vaccines cost, Labour charges other misc charges and Insurance||30000||409 $|
|Total Recurring expenses||232000||3167 $|
|Total Fixed and recurring exp is (A + B)||430500||5877 $|
|Revenue Description||Profit (estimated) INR||in Dollar|
|Total 1950 Live broiler chickens(mortality 50 chickens) ,each having 1.9KG. So 1950 chicken x 1.9KG = 3335 kG (Chicken sale price per KG is Rs. 110 ( 1.5 $) )||366850||5007 $|
|revenue from chicken waste like potty, manure (200 KG manure x 15 RS per KG)||3000||41 $|
|Total profit||369850||5049 $|
|Recurring exp||(-) 232000||3167 $|
|Gross Profit -for 1 cycle||137850||1882 $|
|If we calculate depreciation on Machines and Poultry shed -RS.15000||(-) 15000||205 $|
|Net Profit for anuually including 3 cycle (137850 x 3 cycle= 413550 ) each cycle is having 4 months||413550||5645 $|
|Net profit for per chicken ( 137850 /1950 =||Per chiecken 70.5 RS ( 1$)||1 $|