What is Hydroponics? Advantages & Disadvantages of Hydroponics
If you’re just thinking about to start hydroponic farming, or you’re looking to home hydroponic gardening knowledge and skills then you are at the right place.In this Article, you definitely will get knowledge about important of hydroponic farming and all the related basic knowledge to set-up hydroponic garden of your own hydroponics diy
What is Hydroponics and hydroponics business plan?
Hydroponics is sub-type of horticulture its also known as Hydro culture, it is came from the Greek term which combination of two words – Hydro means water and Ponos means labor hence it is called as “Hydroponics” in simply language it is the method or technique of growing plants(vegetable,vine fruits) without soils. basically in this method all plants are grown in a soil-less container where the water has full of all nutrients which required plant for their growth.
How Does Hydroponics Work? hydroponics in india
Hydroponics gardening set-up is on premise which we will have to take care of what they need and maintain according to that plants will grow.
hydroponic farming in india
In this hydroponics water and media replaces the soil and growing media could be Perlite, Rockwool, sand etc. the most important role is to transfer the nutrients value in the water and keep the roots healthy oxygenated.since it is grown indoors as in garden or in a greenhouse. where we are the creator of environment ,climate ,ventilation,temperature and lights, in simply word we have to create or maintain atmosphere like the same as mentioned above. This systems are followed by adding the Nutrients into the water and circulate this water through out the container or media,either manually or it can be done through by setting up timer
History of Hydroponic farming
We are not going to discuss about history as it has to long history from The Late 1200’s when Marco Polo observed the floating gardens to China but this will gives most important benefits to The “NASA” to considered Hydroponics as a imp method to grow and provide food for astronauts on Mars.
Before jump into the Hydroponics gardening or commercial you must know the important of Hydroponics, their advantages and disadvantageous of this soil-less Hydroculture cultivation method. will see why its trending in agriculture farming when people are still deepening on soil, most of the time different type of variety of vegetable or fruit growth depending on soil and geographically soil quality is different in the world , its less chance of to grow the all kind of plants (veg,fruit,spice) etc
Why Hydroponic farming?
I would like to explain here why Hydroponics ? will go by their advantages and disadvantages. where obviously Soil-less production and with soil production has lots of differences.
Growth Rate in hydroponic farming diy
if you look at the main factor about their growth rate , it has tremendous growth rate in hydroponics systems as compared to Soil growth by 15- 25%
The reason behind of this plant roots directly get the nutrients rather than hunting for nutrients/food in the soils. in this case plants energy will convert in to their growth and producing fruits ,flowers,vegetables.
Saves water in hydroponic gardening
As per study and practically proved that estimated water consumption in hydroponics is in range between 15-25% and also looking at the number of population increased water requirement will be increase along with that food requirement also increase which might forcefully to think us about future farming techniques
In Hydroponics systems main factor is complete water is re-circulate over the entire farm so in that case water consumption for this farming hydroponics required minimum 10 to 20% as compared to soil agriculture.
No soils needed or to maintain pH
- You can grow this plants wherever you want no need to test soil pH level and quality.its also save the land space
- No need to control weeds and soil-related disease and pest
Essential use of nutrients
In soil agriculture half of the nutrients are utilized the soil to make it fertilize but here in this case since nutrients are added into the water solution you have complete management of giving the specific amounts of (foods) nutrients that plants required.
Space Usage and location
Mostly plants roots spread out in search of food(nutrients) and oxygen’s in the soils but here in Hydroponics systems Plants roots are not increasing because whatever nutrients required they are able to get it in water solution therefore you can grow in your small space as per this technique you can grow your plants much closer like vertically and saved space.
Since you have the control of climate in your area where irrespective of where the plants are whether its in greenhouse or your apartment hydroponic owners can have total control to adjust climate, temperature, humidity, light ,Composition of the air. In this manner you can produced the food in interval regardless of the season. which diffidently increase the business profit.
No Chance of Weeds
all of farmer know that most of the time in day to just controlling the weed if we are doing the agriculture in soil It’s one of the most time consuming work for gardeners and farmers, since weed are mostly associated with the soil so no chances of weed which is beneficial for plant extra boost to grow.
Disadvantages of farming hydroponics farming
Expenses for start-up for hydroponic system
Initial stage of starting, you have to make some investments to get required equipment for the system like a hydroponic air pump, lights,timer,air filters, containers,fans, growing media, nutrients, and so on. No need to search hydroponic store near me, you can g to amazon there you will get most of the stuff
Lack of Technical expertise and experiences.
Depending on crops and plant which you are trying to grow , you’ll need to thoroughly knowledge to set up, maintain and How to supervise. also need to understand growth of plants.
As you know that your are the creator of this system just like everything is dependent on you how you gone manage or control this same like plant are completely depend on you for their survival. by chance power outage happens, they might face a risk of death in a few minutes or hrs when the plant roots are stopped watering and get dried.
Diseases and pests may spread quickly
if you are growing plants in a closed system using water. In case of plants infections or pests or diseases, they can easily move ahead to next plants on the same nutrient circular. mostly this will not cause the issue in small scale system only thing to take care for big hydroponic system greenhouses. to avoid this better to have a good disease management control, Like – use clean disease free water sources and checking growing materials and systems periodically, etc.
you need to fast act to sterilize the infected water, nutrient and Complete system.
So you might thinking about is it right to do farming hydroponics or not..of course we are recommending this 100% its hardly few problem are there if you overcome and do some planning with experiences.farming hydroponics is worth doing.
Bonus tips- Since population is increasing rapidly coming days it has bright future for hydroponic system (2030- 2050)